Q&A: Former Brigadier General Ibrahim Mohamed Didi

Former Brigadier General Ibrahim Mohamed Didi joined the Maldivian military in 1979 as a private, rising to the rank of Brigadier General and Commander of the Maldives National Defence Force (MNDF) Southern Command. He resigned “prematurely” from his 32 year career on July 16, after the government filed charges against him alongside former President Mohamed Nasheed, for the detention of Chief Criminal Court Judge Abdulla Mohamed.

As a junior soldier Brigadier General Didi was instrumental in defending the Maldives from the coup attempt of 1988, which saw around 80 mercenaries from the Tamil militant group the People’s Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE) launch a frontal assault on the country’s military headquarters. He recounts the experience to Minivan News.

JJ Robinson: You were a corporal on the day of the 1988 coup attempt. Can you describe what happened that day?

Ibrahim Didi: That night was my off night, and I was at my residence. Early in the morning I woke up to the sound of the gunfire.

JJ: What was your first thought?

ID: I thought something had happened in the armoury. Within a few seconds I knew something had gone wrong – badly.

JJ: There was no indication this was going to happen? There was no intelligence?

ID: As far as I understood, no. Some time after that there was speculation that the government had information, but it was not clear to me – I was too junior then.

There was no information as to exactly when they were going to attack, but there was vague information that on the 26th of that year – independence day – something might come up. But not in November.

When [the mercenaries] came, they came in two boats as far as we understood. There was a rumour there was a third boat, and some people say the third one left with some people once they knew the mission was not successful. People are not aware who was onboard – whether they were from India, or Sri Lanka – people don’t know who they are. But the rumour was there – one boat left.

JJ: You heard this gunfire, what happened next?

ID: I called the MNDF – then it was called the National Security Service (NSS). Because I was serving in the field of communication I knew most of the phone numbers. I was able to call a number and by coincidence it was Major Zahir – who later became Chief of Defence until 2008.

JJ: He told you what was happening?

ID: He told me that HQ was under attack and instructed me not to go to HQ, but to go to the place where President Maumoon was. I was instructed to go and protect him.

JJ: Was this the palace?

ID: No a private residence.

JJ: Were there many people there?

ID: No. Three of us soldiers. Later someone else came.

JJ: Most were in the military base?

ID: Yes.

JJ: So the mercenaries were attacking the base by that stage.

ID: One boat came to the ports area, the other two [near to where the President’s jetty is now].

They approached the front of NSS headquarters from behind a building where Republican square is now. They tried to make a mouse hole in the southwest corner of the base with explosives a frontal attack. There were two guards -one was marytr Hussein Adam at the main gate of NSS Headquarters.

He had an AK-47 assault rifle with two live magazines. Unfortunately the pillar box he was in was not accessible from inside the base – he was trapped inside.

But he attacked those foes without any orders, knowing they were besiegers. And that’s the main reason why the troops in the MNDF base – then the NSS – were alerted.

Hussein was shot dead after he ran out of his 60 rounds. During this they were charging the mouse hole [at the back of the base] but luckily we had a machine gun covering it.

But the first line of ammunition was running out, and the main armoury was locked. Normally the keys in those days were with the Deputy Defence Minister, and he was at his residence. At that time the Defence Minister was the President himself.

I was at the President’s location and was ordered to go to the Deputy Minister’s house and find the armoury keys.

I came across four enemies while I was behind cover. I had an AK-47 with live rounds, but I judged not to meddle with them without knowing the strength of the entire force. I didn’t know how many [enemy soldiers] there were, what was their power or their strength.

My sixth sense alerted me to not meddle with these people, because if I did I would be giving up the location of the President. Now I firmly believe it was a perfect decision that I made.

Since I was asked to go to the deputy defence minister’s house, I left my ammunition and arms with the other soldiers. When I went there I ran across then-corporal Farhath, later Vice Chief of Defence and a Brigadier.

When we approached the house it was cordoned off by the enemy, who had barred the entry. So we approached from the other side and thought a disguise might work, so I disguised myself as a schoolboy.

Near the house, I went in to look. They didn’t bother stopping me – I went through the enemy cordon. They didn’t say anything; they just ignored me, and let me go inside. I found the [minister’s] driver killed inside.

I was looking for the Deputy Minister of Defence. He was not in the house, but there were two other soldiers, friendlies who had been captured and had their hands tied. They told me the Deputy Minister had been killed, and were asking me not to go inside the house.

JJ: He had been killed?

ID: No – somehow they had got the wrong information. They asked me not to go inside the house but I figured that wearing a school uniform, in the worst case I would be captured and have my hands tied too. So I went inside.

I found his wife, and was able to find the keys for the armoury. That was lucky. The keys were in a secret place. Somehow the Deputy minister had been injured, and he didn’t want to come back because he feared they would kill him. He left his wife behind in case the MNDF was looking for the keys.

I was an authenticated source for them so there was no problem getting the keys. I escaped from the house, but then I was looking for a way to deliver the keys, as the NSS headquarters was encircled.

What I did was jump up and down the walls and roofs of the buildings on the to the base – I knew how important the task in front of me was for the nation.

JJ: What did it feel like? You must have felt under a lot of pressure.

ID: The pressure was just to do it. I knew how critical it was. I heard ‘Do it’, ‘do it’, ‘do it’ – nothing else. It was God’s blessing.

I was able to climb over the walls to a house behind the MNDF headquarters. As I went inside that house, a mortar shell landed nearby – it was very scary.

JJ: They were using mortars?

ID: Yes, the whole house shook but nothing happened – it fell in an empty area. It was very lucky – the entire carry out was lucky and full of blessing.

I asked the people in the house to lie down on the floor – there was nothing we could do. You can’t go out or hide behind anything if you don’t know what is going to happen next.

During the entire process I had been informing [the MNDF] via land telephone where I was, so they would know from where I was approaching. From the house opposite the back of the base, I finally informed them that I would throw the keys over the wall.

There were two enemy soldiers outside, and the dead body of a MNDF soldier near the old minaret. Three enemies were on the other end near where the explosion had occurred.

It looked like I could go out and throw the key over the wall. I had to go out about six feet. I knew I could move out and throw it over the wall before they saw me – but I knew they could shoot at me afterwards.

JJ: Did you get shot at?

ID: No – I went back inside immediately once I knew the keys were inside the headquarters, and the MNDF opened up the armoury. By that time there were only 210 rounds left. That was how critical it was.

After opening the armoury they had ammunition and heavy arms, and defended the headquarters as well as they could.

At around 10:30am when they knew they couldn’t get into the headquarters, the enemy soldiers began their escape plan – to hijack a cargo vessel, and take hostages from the locals. By 10:30am that morning they must have declared to themselves that they could not achieve their mission.

JJ: How long had they been attacking?

ID: Since around 4:30am in the morning. By and large they didn’t leave, they were there until nearly midnight.

By the time the Indians came there were none of them left on the ground in the Maldives, they were out the country.

ID: When did India arrive?

After midnight. By coincidence, their flight was landing as [the mercenaries] were going out through the Gaadhoo channel in a cargo boat.

JJ: The usual version is that India saved the Maldives in 1988, but you’re saying it was over by the time they arrived?

ID: Yes. What India did was able to help us get back the hostages and capture some of the enemies. An Indian navy ship attacked the cargo vessel. They had heavy explosive charges on the vessel – it was heavily shaken.

JJ: Where was the cargo vessel by the time the Indians arrived?

ID: On the high seas somewhere between the Maldives and Sri Lanka.

JJ: Afterwards, what was the reaction? What changed in the MNDF?

ID: That’s a very interesting question. The government realised that the Maldives required a fighting defence force. Previously it was a police force. So we got assistance from the US and UK as well as India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh to develop a fighting force.

The British Green Berets came to develop a special task force unit.

JJ: What was its role?

ID: It was basically a fighting company named a Special Task Force – a foundation of the defence force. Based on that it has been developing until today.

At that time we didn’t have a proper coastguard. That has changed as well.

JJ: How was your own role recognised?

ID: I was awarded a Medal for Exceptional Bravery and was immediately promoted to Sergeant, and later to a Warrant Officer. I attended a signals office course at the US Army Signal Centre, and later received a commission.

I did a Basic Officer Course and Advance Officer Course with the US Army, and a Basic Staff and Command and Staff Course with BSC Honours in War Studies in Pakistan.

I did a Security Studies Course at the Asia Pacific Centre in Hawaii, and a National Defence Course with Mphil in Defence and Strategic Studies at the National Defence College in Delhi.

JJ: Why did so few details of the coup attempt emerge? Do you think the government was nervous about Indian influence after their assistance?

ID: I don’t think the government was nervous about Indian influence. Unlike in the UK or US perhaps, people didn’t talk about such things here in our country.

I recently retired from service. Today, everyone has a lot of questions – and the media is asking questions about what happened. Twenty years ago people weren’t asking questions. Nobody bothered to ask simple questions in the media during the late 80s and early 90s. People knew something had happened, but nobody bothered to clear it up.

I believe that on the particular day, martyr Corporal Hussein Adam was the savior of the nation. He sacrificed his soul attacking those soldiers, and allowed us to protect the headquarters. If he didn’t do that, we wouldn’t have been able to protect the headquarters. They could have captured everything – at least until India saved us.

Martyr Hussein Adam should be given all the credit. His was pure initiative – that was very much God’s hand. He used his 60 rounds with no instruction – used his own initiative to save the nation. He was crying for ammunition – we could not provide it to him from inside in the base. Somebody would have had to go outside – the pillar box had no access from inside.

He was trapped in there, and he utilised all the ammunition he had. But there was no way of providing more to him because of the enemy attack. The gate was locked. He was the hero of the day.

JJ: Let’s fast forward to more recent times. Yourself along with two other officers and former President Mohamed Nasheed are being charged over the detention of Chief Judge of the Criminal Court, Abdulla Mohamed. Can you explain why you decided to resign over this?

ID: At this present time a lot of people are asking these questions – the media is all over me. I am trying not to engage with the media at this time as there is a court case against me.

JJ: What was your reason to not wear your uniform to the Civil Court hearing?

ID: Because I didn’t want my uniform to be politicised there. It was my personal choice.

JJ: Without politicising the MNDF or discussing specifics, what is your perspective on what happened on February 7? What actually happened, objectively?

ID: I have very much kept quiet on what happened on February 6-7, because there is an inquiry commission conducting a fact-finding process. So I think it is not right for me to talk to the media. Let [the commission] finish it.

JJ: Yourself and former Chief of Defence Moosa Jaleel were highly respected officers. Moosa Jaleel left after February 7 and you have now chosen to resign. What is the sentiment in the MNDF?

ID: I don’t know, because I haven’t involved myself with what is happening in the MNDF. I don’t think it is right for me to comment at the present time on the feelings of serving people. I should stay away from that.

JJ: So you weren’t ready to resign, or ready to retire – without talking about the specifics, what was your feeling about the decision?

ID: Obviously it was a premature retirement. There is a reason for premature retirement. As I said, I did not want to wear my uniform to the Civil Court.

JJ: What is your impression of the public sentiment – particularly the rhetoric – towards the security services? Should people be supporting the police and the military?

ID: This is a very difficult question to answer. I don’t want to politicise anything.

JJ: Generally speaking, it’s an unstable time for the Maldives and there are a lot of economic challenges. What needs to happen to stabilise the place and ensure security and stability?

ID: Sincere reconciliation from all sides. For the sake of the nation.

JJ: Do you think that is likely to happen.

ID: If the politicians love our nation – then yes, it has to happen.

JJ: How much responsibility do you think politicians have for the current state of the Maldives?

ID: Entirely 100 percent.

JJ: You said the 1988 coup really changed the defence force. Do you think the MNDF still needs to be the size that it is?

ID: The MNDF has been decentralised – I was the first appointed area commander in the Maldives, in the south – March 2009. It is a very good system – it is not yet 100 percent instituted, but once it is developed it will be an excellent system for the MNDF.

JJ: Apart from politics, what would you say are the greatest security threats facing the Maldives?

ID: We are a very small country. My Defence and Strategic Studies on National Security MPhil thesis focused on the national security of the Maldives.

Small countries have to have a good system as far as our economy, internal security, energy security, food security, external security – all these pillars – are concerned. We have to be careful. [Problems with] any of these pillars might erode our national security in the Maldives. These are very important pillars.

Foreign policy is one pillar of security – our policy makers have to make sure our policy for particular countries is of a particular dimension to make sure our geostrategic security is not threatened.

There are also concerns such as drugs, terrorism and money laundering.

JJ: A lot of these would seem police-related?

ID: These are concerns – security is not just a military concern. We have to take care of strategic security – I should say ‘they’, as I’m out of it now.

JJ: Indian intelligence – and press – occasionally raise concerns about rising fundamentalism in the Maldives, with claiming groups such as Lashkar-e-Taiba have tried to establish links in the Maldives. Realistically, based on your experience, how much a threat is fundamentalism to the Maldives’ security?

ID: As you understand we are a 100 percent Muslim country. I believe that if we go by the principles of Islam – the fundamentals of Islam – Islam is the religion of peace. There should be no reason [for concern] if we follow Islam. My argument is always that we should follow Islam, as it is. Then we won’t have a problem.

JJ: What about external [fundamentalist] influences?

ID: Even in that case, if we can follow these principles, everyone knows what Islam is all about, then no matter what comes in, people will understand what Islam is and there won’t be any room for extremism.

JJ: What about security concerns such as Somali piracy?

ID: I strongly believe we need to strengthen our coastguard. The MNDF is going to do that. They must be very capable of taking care of those challenges.

JJ: Lastly, what would you say is the top security threat facing the Maldives right now?

ID: I don’t want to say anything at this time. Because it might be quite critical. I’m not in a position to define the top security threat to the Maldives.

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25 thoughts on “Q&A: Former Brigadier General Ibrahim Mohamed Didi”

  1. Ibrahim Didi is one of the few patriotic & honest soldiers we got. But sadly ExPresident Nasheed used him like a toilet paper. I hope Ibrahim Didi remain in service to this nation as we are about to mount to the most critical stages of Maldivian history! The security threat to this nation is from within and they are sponsored from the same source as funded by the great wars fought before. Nasheed, Gayoom and many other leaders are simply puppets of this sponsor-er!! Nasheed is been taken for ride by his close corrupt associates like Reko Moosa and Mariya

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  2. Does the present foreign policy make Maldives safer or more prone to chaos and instability? In security policy, should Maldives be a) looking to this region OR b) to Islamic brothers in the Middle east OR c) continue the present course of wooing western values.

    Where does the long term safety and security of the nation lie a), b) or c)

    Would have been nice if JJ has asked these questions.

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  3. sorry guys, replace above with “…I believe that on the particular day, martyr Corporal Hussein Adam was the savior of the nation. He sacrificed his soul attacking those soldiers…”

    Speechless…

    Reverence for self sacrifice like that silences me, it helps me understand.

    THAT is real Holiness, self sacrifice, the most Holy and Sacred reality there is...

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  4. Mr.Question:
    Answers to your questions from Ibrahim Didi would have been as follows:
    First of all we should always maintain a nonaligned FP. on the other hand we cannot afford to disregard our immediate neighbors, however we should neither be a marionette of any. Secondly we must have an excellent relation with our Islamic brothers. No harm having diplomatic relation with the west that will not compromise - the utmost importance substance of our national fabric- Islamic values. Long term FP and NSS strategy for the security of our nation must be our economic independence winch will assure us the other pillars of our National Security that will affirm our sovereignty.

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  5. There was a third boat. It was a carrier for Indian special forces. They assassinated a certain target for Maumoon, and placed the LTTE under Maumoon's hands.

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  6. The brigadier should know that even Gayoom and the torturer and murderer will believe they are following true islam, Yameen Gayoom and the thief will believe they are following Islam. Even the brigadier will believe he is following true Islam. So everyone is doing the right thing in their mind and nobody is wrong or at fault in the judgments they make.

    Whats the difference between preacher Zakir Naik and preacher Bilal Philips? There are differences in our school of thought from we studied Islam. From violent and corrupt countries we will learn violent Islam and peaceful and just country we will learn true Islam. So basically our religious pureness or following the correct path of Islam it all depend on our democracy or the system that we live in. Islam is at mercy of democracy.

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  7. It's not the government who filed charges against him, it's the Prosecutor General. Get your facts right and stop misleading people.

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  8. Can this Ibrahim Didi tell similar story about the February 7th Coup and his personal role with Dr. Imran. I did my Magrib prayers on 7th evening at Hukuru miskiy. Dr. Imran was the Imam and Mr. Didi was right behind him. Remember!!!

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  9. Every nation has sons and daughters who stand out because of the respect they command due to what they are, and what they stand for. The Brigadier General is one of them in Maldives. This by itself does not make the extraordinary personality infallible.

    I deplore that in this instance an attempt has been made to devalue the Brigadier General by attempting him to descend in to dirty, 3rd rate party politics. I’m glad that the Brigadier had the intelligence and foresight to do justice to the uniform and great institution he represented.

    In neighboring Sri Lanka we saw the example of the “great” General Sarath Fonseka, who spent all the good will and respect he had earned fighting for his motherland pursuing third rate, sullied party politics. In the General’s case too biased journalism and a once promising political party that had lost all touch with its electorate enticed the General to betray the uniform that he wore.

    The rule of law necessitates that big or small, Private or General - is answerable and treated equally by the law. The Prosecutor General representing an independent judiciary, based on the investigations before him was moved to take the Brigadier General to the courts. It’s obvious that the Brigadier and those others charged along with him are innocent until found guilty in a court of law.

    The reason the Brigadier gave for his resignation itself demonstrates to me the immense respect he carries for his uniform and so obviously apolitical. That Maldives can ill afford to lose such a man of great character and proven heroism is obvious. What a great hero he makes! May Allah Bless the Brigadier General and his loved ones.

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  10. Sir brigadier Ibrahim Didi did only one mistake. He could be a national hero if he handed over Gayoom to the tamils.

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  11. November 3rd was real " Baaghee" and they are the family members of anni.

    Get the truth and that is why Anni tried to forget 3rd Nov. and its remembrance. That was first thinsg he did when got the power .

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  12. Rationale.

    Didi is one soldier who served this nation honestly. From the interview above it is obvious that he does not want to be dragged into politics. Why do you want to connect his to the coup attempt when he was very much one of the last soldiers standing with the President? He has being sacrificed for that, is it not enough?

    Since you were at Maghrib prayers I will assume that you have made an honest mistake of the date. I can confirm to you that Didi was inside BK at that time and this can be verified. Yes he does frequent Hukuru Miskiiy and Islaamee Marukazu being the closed two mosques to BK and if Dr.Imran leads the prayer would have been behind him, but not on 7th Feb 2012.

    The other point is, I fail to understand what you are trying to get at when someone prays behind someone (you also seem to pray behind him). If that is a point to connect him with the coup, I guess meeting with Waheed that evening would be a better connection as Waheed met them that evening.
    Cheers!

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  13. Saushan why are you one-sided?
    The case of Abdullah Qaazee and MNDF:
    If AG has not been pressured by people like PPM Parliament members and MOD and Umar Naseer he would not bother charging Uniformed personnel of specific few. Neither the HRC No Police requested COL Ziyad and Gen. Didi to be prosecuted. Umar Naseer very recently warned Col Ziyad on the Public TV. PPM warned PG. Where are the soldiers and police personnel who went A.Gazze's House. Because Gen. Didi never joined Umar or Col Nazim entire apisode ended up as a literal revenge!!!

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  14. Saushan why are you one-sided?
    The case of Abdullah Qaazee and MNDF:
    If AG has not been pressured by people like PPM Parliament members and MOD and Umar Naseer he would not bother charging Uniformed personnel of specific few. Neither the HRC No Police requested COL Ziyad and Gen. Didi to be prosecuted. Umar Naseer very recently warned Col Ziyad on the Public TV. PPM warned PG. Where are the soldiers and police personnel who wentto A.Gazze’s House. Because Gen. Didi never joined Umar or Col Nazim entire episode ended up as a literal revenge!!!

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  15. Dhivehi Gaumu..."Islam is at mercy of democracy...."

    Loved it brother!

    Excellent food for thought, clever sentence, I also wonder if, the reverse could also be just as true?

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  16. No base to be maddened to hide.
    When I was at the Defense 88, after the coup attempt, Ibrahim Didi was proposed to be double promoted to a Staff Sargent. However Maumoon refused for that and the worst of that the envelope he was given at the ceremony was written Staff Sergent but the chit was tippexed and written Sargent. Simply Maumoon did not agree to give him a double promotion since he played a role to save the nation from invaders.There were bunch of others who got the same rank on that occasion. Isn't that begrudging enough of His Excellency former President Abdull Qayyom? Ilyas Ibrahim and Mohamed Husain witnessed that if they believe in God. I wonder why Didi did not mention that to JJ when he asked how was your own role recognized?

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  17. @A'foor

    If its not from family, withholding promotions is a common tactic in Maumoon era.

    Any kind of potential leadership growth was feared.

    Despite all the bad rep, Anni recognized good people and that has to be admired.

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  18. Didi is facing the charge because he refused to follow the script but told the truth during a press conference following the change of Government on 7 Feb 2012. RESPECT!

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